As human skin ages, unfortunately, it loses its tension and fullness. The main problem that causes this is the decrease in skin quality over time. The decrease in skin quality means that the quality of the collagen structure in its content decreases and therefore the tension and fullness lose their properties over time. In this case, wrinkles and sagging occur in various areas on the skin.
The face is one of the areas where these sagging and wrinkles are most obvious. Unfortunately, these wrinkles and sagging on the face can cause a number of problems in the patient. In this social life, where face-to-face communication is very important, in some people, these sagging and wrinkles affect patients psychologically. Deficiencies occur even in the self-confidence of patients.
These patients may seek some medical solution. Especially botox or filler treatments are used today for wrinkles in these areas. Unfortunately, these treatments give positive results in terms of aesthetics temporarily. Hyaluronic acid, which is used as a filler, can last up to a year under the skin, while botox can last up to 6 months. Therefore, these treatments are repeated.
With age, these sagging become more evident due to deficiencies in collagen production and loss of subcutaneous fluid. Unfortunately, the lack of water consumption and diet irregularities cause these wrinkles and sagging to increase even more. Some vitamins, especially vitamin C, play an important role in the production of protein-structured collagen. The deficiency of this vitamin will cause a disorder in the structure of collagen, which is one of the basic substances of the connective tissue and therefore the necessary tension of the skin will not be provided.
In addition to this, many vitamins and minerals act as antioxidants in the body. Unfortunately, the harmful oxidant substances that we take in with our diet become harmless thanks to these vitamins and minerals. Oxidizing substances, which cannot become harmless in case of deficiency, also damage the skin and cause various diseases, up to the destruction of skin integrity.
The face area is one of the most common places where these wrinkles and sagging are seen. The areas around the eyes, forehead, lip edges, the area between the nose wing and lip edge, cheeks and chin are the areas where sagging is most intense. With various medical treatments, temporary improvements can be achieved with creams, botox and fillers. But there are permanent treatments with surgical interventions.
These sagging and wrinkles can be treated permanently with face lift surgeries. Types of face lift surgery are classical face lift, mid face lift and mini face lift surgeries. In addition to these, there are also minor surgical interventions to stretch the neck, forehead and eyebrows.
In general, the basic logic of face lift operations is to carefully separate the sagging parts of the skin and subcutaneous fat and connective tissue from each other, and then to cut the sagging and elongated parts and hang them again. This procedure should be done with care and caution as there are nerves in the treated area that go towards the facial muscles and enable these muscles to work. If these nerves are damaged, the functioning of the facial muscles will be temporarily or permanently blocked. In addition, there is a possibility of damage to the sensory nerves that go to the skin. In this case, a temporary or permanent loss of sensation may occur. Thus, these surgeries should be performed by reliable and experienced plastic and aesthetic surgeons.
In frontal lift surgery, the skin in the eyebrow and forehead area of the person is stretched. It can be done by open or endoscopic method. The incision is usually made through the scalp.
In temporal lift surgery, the skin around the eyes and eyebrows of the person is stretched.
In midface lift surgery, a small incision is made from the lower eyelid. Suspension is made after the subcutaneous tissue and skin are shortened. With this surgery, the skin on the cheeks is tightened.
In the classical facelift procedure, an incision is made in the back of the ear, starting from the anterior border of the ear. The skin and subcutaneous tissue are stretched and hung.
Neck lift surgery is mostly performed together with face lift. With the incision made under the chin, the subcutaneous and subcutaneous tissues are shortened and the procedure is completed by hanging.
In mini facelift surgery, the incision is limited only to the skin in front of the ear. It is a procedure called local anesthesia and sedation that can be performed without sleeping. Sagging and deformities on the chin edge can also be eliminated with this method. The recovery time is shorter than the normal facelift. Since the incision length is shorter, the suture scar will be less likely to be seen in the future. The bruising and swelling that may occur after the surgery will be less than the classical face lift. Since this surgery is performed at a relatively younger age compared to the classical method, problems during wound healing are less common. At the same time, since the operation time will be shorter compared to the other method, the possibility of complications that can be seen in the short term after the operation will be less.
If this surgery is performed under local anesthesia and without sleeping, you can be discharged from the hospital on the same day. However, at the request of the patient, the patient can be discharged the next day. Dressing cleaning should be given importance after discharge and wound cleaning should be done carefully by experienced people. In general, there will be no suture removal as absorbable sutures are used. The wound healing process is generally completed in 3 weeks. But it may take 6 months for the face to take its true aesthetic shape.