Ear development begins in the womb and takes the final appearance when the child is five years old. However, with the effect of some genetic or other factors, it cannot complete ear development and therefore some anomalies occur. In children who cannot complete their development in the womb, the ear is not formed and this is called microtia.
Microtia is the congenital missing or deformed outer ear structures (pin, nozzle, hole). It is usually unilateral and occurs at 8-10,000 births. It is very likely that hearing loss will occur as ear formation is not complete.
Microtia should not be performed immediately after birth and should be calm and patient.